Peter I (the Great; 1672–1725) was the younger son of the Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. He became Tsar in 1682 (until 1696, he ruled jointly with his brother Ivan V). From 1721, he was the first Emperor of All the Russias.
Peter is wearing the uniform of the Preobrazhensky Regiment with a ribbon and a star of the Order of St. Andrew the Apostle the First-Called. This is one of the earliest portraits of Peter the Great painted by Caravaque done from a study. The work was dated in accordance with the label on the reverse side of the canvas. Technological research proved Caravaque’s authorship. The portrait has been copied many times: there are several 18th century copies of it in the State Russian Museum collection.