Peter I (the Great; 1672–1725) was the younger son of the Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. He became Tsar in 1682 (until 1696, he ruled jointly with his brother Ivan V). From 1721, he was the first Emperor of All the Russias.
This carved polychrome and gilt-decorated figure depicts Peter the Great as a Roman warrior. In 1948 a plaster copy of it was made. The copy was later used to reconstruct a preliminary design model of a triumphal pillar commemorating Peter’s victories in the Northern War. The design for the model was created by Carlo Bartolomeo Rastrelli with the participation of Nicolas Pinot and Andrei Nartov; however, the construction of the monumental pillar was never executed.