French painter, draughtsman, engraver, lithographer, battle painter, author of historical subjects. Studied under his father Carle Vernet and François-André Vincent. Contributed to annual Paris Salons (from 1812). Director of the French Academy in Paris (1828–1834). Travelled across Algeria. Worked in Russia in 1836, 1838, 1842–1843, 1848. Honorary associate member of the Imperial Academy of Arts (from 1834). A. V. Vitkovsky, graduate of the Imperial Academy of Arts, and V. F. Timm, lithographer, studied at Horace Vernet’s studio in Paris. Favourite artist of Nicholas I; the Emperor not only generously paid for his works, but also awarded Russian orders of St Stanislaus, 2nd class (1836), St Anna, 2nd class (“decorated with diamonds”; 1843) and St Vladimir, 3rd class (1849).