Painter, draughtsman, teacher, genre painter, portraitist, animalist. Studied at the Moscow School of Painting and Sculpture (1861-1866). Academician of painting (1873), professor (1892), full member of the Imperial Academy of Arts (1893). Contributed to exhibitions (from 1862). Taught at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (1882-1894) and the Imperial Academy of Arts (1894-1918, chancellor 1894-1896).