Painter, genre artist, lithographer. Born into the lower middle class. Studied under Alexei Markov at the Imperial Academy of Arts (1857–1863). Con¬tributed to the exhibitions of the Imperial Acade¬my of Arts (from 1860). One of the rebellious four¬teen (1863). Member of the St Petersburg Artel of Artists (1867). Academician (1867). Contributed to Russian Art Album (1861). Moved to Italy for health reasons (1873).