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The Russian Museum's collection of sculpture began with the transfer of several works from the Hermitage and the Academy of Arts in 1897 and 1898. A century later, its fund of eighteenth to twentieth century sculpture now comprises more than 4,000 works. The collection of sculpture contains the creations of masters working in the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth centuries. These range from their first studies, which record the initial germination of the artistic idea, to the finished product, executed in the most diverse materials: plaster, terracotta, marble, bronze, wood and metal.