1670 (1671 ?) – after 1739

Portrait of Catherine I


  • Enamel, gold. 3.6 x 2.8 (oval)
  • Ж-267

  • Received in 1930 from the Sate Hermitage

  • Provenance: Jewelry Gallery of the Hermitage

Catherine Alexeyevna (née Marta Skowrońska) (April 15, 1684 – May 6, 1727). Second spouse of Peter the Great (became his wife on February 19, 1712). On May 7, 1724 Peter crowned her as empress-consort and made her his co-ruler. On January, 1725 she became Empress of Russia.

The painting is based on the original portrait created by Jean-Marc Nattier. These kind of images are referred to as the “Natier-Moor’s type.” The same type can be found on a miniature portrait of Catherine by Grigory Musinsky, which is slightly larger than this one and is now part of the Hermitage collection. Catherine is depicted wearing a brocade gown and an ermine mantle, with a ribbon of the Order of St. Catherine. There is a gold tiara with pearls and red stones.

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